prime minister and council of ministers notes

• The Prime Minister acts as a link between the Council of Ministers on the one hand and the President as well as the Parliament on the other. Here the word “shall” indicates that the President cannot function without the Council of Ministers. The Constitution provides that “there shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to aid and advise the President in the excercise of his functions”. He selects the Ministers to be sworn in by the President. Answer:The leader of the political party securing absolute majority in the Lok Sabha is appointed by the President as the Prime Minister. In theory all major executive functions are vested in the hands of the President, but exercises them only with aid and advice of the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister. The President of the Council of Ministers (Polish: Prezes Rady Ministrów), colloquially referred to as the prime minister (Polish: premier), is the leader of the cabinet and the head of government of Poland. He distributes portfolios among them. Article 78: It shall be the duty of the Prime Minister to communicate to the President on all decisions of the Council of Ministers relating to the administration of the affairs of the Government and proposals for the legislation. Notes on Relationship between Prime Minister and Council of Ministers. (The number cannot exceed 15%) 3. When the Prime Minister quits, the entire ministry quits. In actual practice, they are selected by the Prime Minister and appointed by the President. If a vote of no confidence is passed against one minister, the whole Council of ministers including the Prime Minister has to resign. Council of Minister is a body of persons having authority to initiate major policies, make decisions and implement them on the basis of the Constitution and laws of the country. • India already had some experience of running the parliamentary system under the Acts of 1919 and 1935. • The Prime Minister is involved in all crucial decisions of the government and decides on the policies of the government. The direct authority and commander in chief of the country is the prime minister. Additional Questions. Where article 74 mentions that the council will be headed by the Prime Minister of India and will aid and advise the President, article 75 mentions the following things: 1. 5. It is the cabinet, an inner body within the Council which assumes all authority and shapes the policy of the Government. The term of Prime Minister is not fixed. The Prime Minister The Prime Minister (PM) is appointed by the President, who according to convention, invites the leader of the majority party or group in the Lok Sabha to form the Government. Article 74, 75, and 78 of the constitution provide for provisions relating to the council of Ministers and the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and other Ministers shall be appointed by the President upon the advice of the Prime Minister. The Constitution provides for a collegiate executive, that is Council of ministers under the chair members of the Prime Minister. The Indian constitution provides for a parliamentary form of government based on British pattern and the council of ministers headed by the prime minister is the real executive authority in Indian’s politico-administrative system. All the articles you read in this site are contributed by users like you, with a single vision to liberate knowledge. The Prime Minister distributes portfolios among Ministers. Chapter I (Executive) of Part V of the Constitution (Union) deals with President, Vice-President, Council of Ministers (COM) headed by Prime Minister and Attorney General. Prime Minister - shortcut The Constitution of India provides for a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister as the head, to aid and advise the President. The Prime Minister is the leader of the Council of Ministers. Having already discussed about President and Vice-President, let's concentrate now on COM, Prime Minister and Attorney General. As on 4th September 2017, there has been a third Cabinet reshuffle in the Prime Minister Narendra Modi led … Two articles – Article 74 and Article 75 of the Indian Constitution deal with the Council of Ministers. The Prime Minister can ask any minister to resign and if the minister does not oblige, the Prime Minister can get him dismissed by the President. Our mission is to liberate knowledge. In short, Prime Minister is the leader of the Council of Ministers. 3. The Prime Minister then makes his Council of Ministers. The president protects the constitution, is the head of the state, and represents the sovereignty and unity of the state. This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 1327 times. They along with the Prime Minister of India form 15% of the total strength of the lower house i.e. SSC Polity Notes: Prime Minister & its Council of Ministers In the Parliamentary system of Government, the Prime minister is the real executive (de facto executive) and head of the government. PreserveArticles.com is a free service that lets you to preserve your original articles for eternity. Question 5: Wh… Keeping in view the importance of the topic, We have provided notes on this topic. Prime Minister and Council of Ministers Long Answers, ICSE history & civics answers, total history and civics, morning star answers, history answers Prime Minister and Council of Ministers - Long Answers - ICSE NOTES - A website for class 9th and 10th student of Icse The Ministers are chosen by the Prime Minister and they remain Ministers as long as they enjoy the confidence of the Prime Minister. The President appoints a person as the Prime Minister who is most likely to prove majority at the floor of the Lok Sabha. 2. The cartoon represents the Council of Ministers led by the Prime Minister. The Constitutional Head of the Union Executive is the President, whereas Prime Minister is the Real Head of the Union Executive.. 2. The Prime Minister distributes portfolios among Ministers. The office of the Prime Minister has been created by the Constitution. CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 10, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 12. 2. The President is the only nominal ruler while the real executive powers are envisaged in the Prime Minister. “All the ministers, including the Prime Minister, swim and sink together.” Answer: The Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers are directly responsible to the Lok Sabha. The various ranks of Ministers are as follows: 2. What are the Different Types of Executive? Cabinet is the highest policy making body, consulted by the Prime Minister frequently while taking important policy decisions in matters of … It is the Prime Minister who fixes the number of ministers. The Prime Minister being the head of the Council of Ministers, selects the Ministers to be sworn in by the President. He can exclude that minister by reshuffling his ministry. 1. In actual practice, they are selected by the Prime Minister and appointed by the President. TOS August 12, 2019 by Radhika Saxena. Dec 25, 2020 - Prime Minister, The Council of Ministers UPSC Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. Notes on Relationship between Prime Minister and Council of Ministers According to the Indian Constitution, the Ministers are appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister. While Indian President is the head of the state, Indian Prime Minister is the head of … The Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to the lower house of the Parliament. Formation of Council of Ministers: The constitution provides that there shall be a Prime Minister, who will be nominated by the President who will in turn appoint other Ministers, who will form the Council of Ministers. Answer:Prime Minister. This is tnpsc notes for polity for topic: Council of Ministers As per Article 74 of the Constitution, there shall be a council of ministers with the Prime Minister as the head to aid and advise the President, who shall in the exercise of his functions, act in accordance with the advice of the council of ministers. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President. He also has the power to dismiss ministers. Lok Sabha. According to the Indian Constitution, the Ministers are appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister. He can allocate, reshuffle various portfolios among ministers Prime Minister is the leader of Lok Sabha. Content Guidelines The Prime Minister being the head of the Council of Ministers, selects the Ministers to be sworn in by the President. The Ministers in fact are chosen by the Prime Minister and remain Ministers as long as they enjoy the confidence of the Prime Minister. The current responsibilities and traditions of the office stem from the creation of the contemporary Polish state, and the office is defined in the Constitution of 1997. The Council of Ministers hardly meets as a body. The Council of Ministers is usually composed of 60 to 80 Ministers of different ranks. He prepares a list of ministers who are formally appointed by the President. They are appointed by the President on the advice of Prime Minister 2. He can recommend the dissolution of Lok Sabha at any time. Prime Minister Narendra Modi expanded his NDA government’s the Council of Ministers on 10 November 2014 first and thereafter, on 5th July 2016, there was again a cabinet reshuffle. The Ministers in fact are chosen by the Prime Minister and remain Ministers as long as they enjoy the confidence of the Prime Minister. This experience had shown that in the parliamentary system, the executive can be effectively controlled by the representatives of the people. After the 42nd amendment, 1976, the language of articles 74 (1) is as follows-. Answer:President appoints the Prime Minister. Studyrankers is a free educational platform for cbse k-12 students. Originally article 74 (1) provided that there shall be a council of Minister with the Prime Minister as its head to aid and advice the president in the exercise of his functions. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President. Leader of the Cabinet: How Expectations of the ordinary citizens can be sensitized? The cartoon conveys the message that the Prime Minister is the head of the council of ministers which is sometimes bound by the words of the Prime Minister. Formation of Council of Ministers 2. Like any other minister, he holds office during the pleasure of the president. In the Parliamentary form of Government, the President is the nominal head of the State and the Council of Ministers (CoM) headed by the Prime Minister is the real executive head of the State. • The Executive organ of the government includes the Prime Minister, the ministers and a large organization called the bureaucracy or the administrative machinery. Copyright. While the President is head of the state, the Prime Ministers are head of the Government. Sensing the gravity of the situation, the Prime Minister dropped Prof. Tiwari from his Council of Ministers and thus the crisis were averted. INTRODUCTION 22 Jul 2020. 4. Council of Ministers—Its Problems. Answer:Prime Minister is known as the ‘Keystone of the Cabinet arch’. The real Executive is the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister is the head of the Council of Ministers. ; Important Constitutional provisions with respect to Council of Ministers: Article 74: The Council Of Minister – Notes. The Prime Minister presides over the meetings of the Cabinet. He also serves as a link between the President and the Council of Ministers. The Ministers hold office during the pleasure of the President. However, it does not mean that he can be junked by President any time. PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. Powers and functions of Prime Minister Prime Minister is the head of Council of Ministers. Had the Prime Minister not dropped Prof. Tiwari, the crisis have perhaps taken a different turn and a new precedent would have been set in the parliamentary history of India. • Members of the Public Service Commissions are appointed for a fixed term. It is the Prime Minister who fixes the number of ministers. Article 74 of the Constitution lays down that there shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to advice the President who shall in the exercise of his functions act in accordance with such advice. The Prime Minister is the most important and powerful functionary of the Union Government. Council of Ministers . PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity, Notes on the Formation of Council of Ministers of India, Short Essay on the Composition of the Union Council of Ministers of India, Short esay on the Council of ministers (India), Brief Notes on the Powers and Functions of Prime Minister of India, Brief notes on chief minister and state council of ministers, Notes on Relationship between the President and the Prime Minister. 91st Amendment Act provided f… Working Principles of Council of Ministers 3. changed to 1 vice president) and a Council of Ministers which includes 1 prime minister, 2/3 deputy prime ministers, and about 3 dozen cabinet ministers. Read the cartoon (NCERT Textbook, page 90) given below and answer the questions that follow: Questions: 1. Question 3: Who is the Head of the Union Council of Ministers? As a consequence of conventions, Indian President is vested with all executive power, but we exercise this power duly on the advice of Council of Ministers. Privacy Policy Since 1947, India has had 14 Prime ministers. Prime Minister and Council of Ministers Dear SSC CGL Aspirants, you might have observed that every year a lot of questions are asked from the Chapter “ Prime Minister and Council of Ministers “. Question 4: How the Prime Minister is elected? Ours being a Parliamentary form of Government, the President is only a nominal Head of the State. Before publishing your Article on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Question 1: Who is known as the ‘Keystone of the Cabinet arch’? He is responsible for co-ordination among the ministers. EXERCISES Disclaimer Question 2: Who appoints the Prime Minister? Of running the parliamentary system under the chair members of the ordinary citizens can be junked by President time. Is only a nominal head of Council of Ministers are appointed by the Prime Minister and remain Ministers as as! As follows- leader of Lok Sabha is appointed by the Constitution, is the President the. 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