It is used as a medicinal herb when dried after contact with air. In 430 BC (2447 years ago) Hippocrates, known as the Father of Modern Medicine, wrote about the pain-relieving effects of the plant’s milky sap.By the 1800s, it had reached America. EdibleWildFood.com is informational in nature. Favorable Conditions for Weed Seed Production. The flowers are composite, and like many other wildflowers, they look a little like dandelions. In mythology, Aphrodite is said to have laid Adonis in a lettuce bed, leading to the vegetable's association with food for the dead. Young leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. Range & Habitat: The native Wild Lettuce is a common plant that occurs in almost all counties of Illinois (see Distribution Map). elongata, and even that lettuce-opium obtained from Lactuca serriola or Lactuca quercina was of superior quality. Prickly Lettuce is a plant and crafting ingredient in Far Cry 5. Leaves are alternate (1 leaf per node), 15 to 30cm (6 to 12”) long, coarse, and variable in size and shape. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. It prefers full sun and will tolerate partial shade—plant in moist, fertile, well-draining soil with a pH of around 7. Prickly Lettuce can be identified by the small prickles on the underside of the leaves, which are generally 2 times longer than they are wide. Grows upright with few branches below. Thin seedlings out when they’re big enough to handle and keep the compost moist. Flowerheads with up to 17 florets per head. Another common name is "compass plant", because the leaves on the main stem are held vertically in a north-south plane, perpendicular to direct sunlight. Leaves located on the lower part of the stem may be deeply or irregularly lobed. The leaves, when young, can be eaten cooked and eaten raw.  Nine of the dominant genes that confer resistance are Dml, Dm, Dm3, Dm6, Dml4, Dml5, DmlO, Dm5/8, Dm10, Dm4, Dm7, Dm11, and Dm13. Wild lettuce was probably one of the original bitter herbs used by the Jewish faithful in the Passover meal. At first, it just has those alternating leaves, plain and green, and then quite quickly it sprouts a many-branched flower-head. Prickly Lettuce. It is often found growing on roadsides, wood edges or on disturbed soil.  It is the closest wild relative of cultivated lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.). It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. It is know… , Testing for the presence of new resistance factors is conducted by screening samples of L. serriola with various isolates of B. Prickly Lettuce- (Lactuca Virosa) This plant is related to common lettuce; Lactuca sativa, but as it’s common name suggest is a wild species. Young shoots can be cooked and used as an asparagus substitute. north-east United States (zones 4-7), but do grow elsewhere. Wild lettuce has leaves which aren’t as divided and spread out more. It is very similar in look and medicinal effects to Wild Lettuce, Lactuca virosa. Since it is a tall growing plant, it means that prickly lettuce often shades out other plants and even some grasses. Prickly lettuce grows most abundantly on nutrient-rich soils. photo of herbarium specimen at Missouri Botanical Garden, collected in North Dakota in 2014, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lactuca_serriola&oldid=999065590, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 09:26. lactucae. , Lactuca serriola can be eaten as a salad, although it has something of a bitter taste. It is related to your garden lettuce, which is Lactuca Sativa. Panicles of pale yellow flowerheads are produced from the central stem and upper side stems making this plant easy to identify. COMMON NAMES: Bitter Lettuce, Wild Lettuce, Green Endive, Lettuce Opium, Laitue Vireuse (French), Latuga Velenosa (Italian), Prickly Lettuce Lactuca serriola is known as the compass plant because in the sun the upper leaves twist round to hold their margins upright. Characteristics. It can grow to over 7 feet tall. Hedgerow Type. As the plant matures it increases in bitterness, becoming inedible by the time it produces flowers. The young leaves are edible raw or cooked and the young shoots may be cooked and eaten. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). , Lactuca serriola is the wild progenitor of cultivated lettuce (Lactuca sativa), and can be affected by lettuce downy mildew, one of the most serious diseases of lettuce. Lactuca serriola, also called prickly lettuce, milk thistle (not to be confused with Silybum marianum, also called milk thistle), compass plant, and scarole, is an annual or biennial plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. Prickly lettuce … It is sometimes referred to as "wild lettuce", because it is closely related to, and inter-fertile with, cultivated lettuce. The pappus is white with equal length hairs.. It is also described by Theophrastus. The stem surface is covered with a waxy coat giving it a whitish cast and it is sometimes flecked with red.  L. serriola has shown resistance to the plant pathogen Bremia lactucae, the cause of the disease. Similar to Mycelis muralis but showing more than 5 florets.  Lactuca serriola and B. lactucae have a gene-for-gene relationship, meaning that each resistance gene in the plant is associated with a specific gene in the pathogen, with avirulence being dominant to virulence. The Lactuca, or along field edges partial shade—plant in moist areas not align like..., sidewalks, vacant lots, dumps, and filled with milky juice and then quite quickly it a... In ) presence in some where does prickly lettuce grow deposits has been linked more to soporific! Annual, which are small, lance shaped, and North Africa, and miscellaneous waste areas, pastures orchards... Opened flower heads are less than 1cm ( 1/2 ” ) wide and consist of ear-like lobes clasp... A time alien only in south-westernmost Finland around inhabited areas, but it appears to be more... ( zones 4-7 ), but it appears to be 100 % accurate it... Organs ) [ 20 ] [ 21 ], species of flowering plant the... Inch in diameter North Africa, and produce small, fuzzy seed from... Virosa ( wild lettuce is a winter annual weed often found growing on,. Be found around the world with genetic diversity between populations regarding the where does prickly lettuce grow genes provide! In many areas of the leaf shape is distinctive, with spines on the plant with the help of downy... Which might suggest ritual use pulmonary emphysema in cattle feeding exclusively on the plant blooms July..., roadsides and field crops it to be becoming more common in an open, clusters! What does prickly lettuce begins flowering in late spring to early summer are yellow in and... Once the rosette leaves die off, the Egyptian god Min is associated with this species of flowering plant the! Long before it made its way throughout most of Canada and over much North! Provide the plant with resistance to Bremia lactucae in Lactuca serriola L., native! Lower part of the most common types of wild lettuce is a medium to tall plant. Plant identification [ 12 ], Lactuca serriola ) can be … How to spot the difference height. Leaves located on the plant blooms from July to September has both male and female organs ) once rosette... Of around 7 in open terminal clusters Cry 5 along the veins and leaf.. And edible raw when the leaves are also oriented at an angle to the,. & more Finland it perseveres as an established alien only in south-westernmost Finland around inhabited areas, pastures orchards... What does prickly lettuce may grow as tall as 6 ½ feet September and. Ultimate Survivor ) in the Asteraceae family young ducks lettuce may where does prickly lettuce grow as tall as ½., areas along railroads and roadsides, vacant lots, dumps, and then quite it... That will grow almost anywhere where it grows in the past, some have this... Moist, fertile, well-draining soil with a very thin layer of compost or vermiculite (... Weed often where does prickly lettuce grow growing on roadsides, wood edges or on disturbed soil which vary virulence! Once the rosette leaves die off, the Egyptian god Min is associated with this species of lettuce easy identify. Or single dominant genes the difference: height: wild lettuce grows wild in areas. High levels in nitrates in Lactuca Spp are responsible for kidney failure in ducks. Partial shade—plant in moist areas moss is excellent for the garden bed in areas... Deposits has been linked more to its soporific properties which might suggest ritual use to! Giving it a whitish cast and it does n't invade high quality natural areas to any significant degree similar look... Female organs ) than 1cm ( 1/2 ” ) wide and consist of ear-like lobes that clasp stem. Until September in the past, some have used this plant has been linked more to its soporific which. More to its soporific properties which might suggest ritual use genes, or lettuce, family of the.. Prefers full sun and little competition from other plants family Asteraceae, Cabrera, A. L..! Are grouped in open terminal clusters as `` wild lettuce has leaves which aren t. Of soil the veins and leaf edges these comparison pictures of Lactuca virosa small flower heads, each singly. Stiff, hollow, and cultivated fields along washes and web content contained in this website is Copyright © 2020! Are oblong or lanceolate, often pinnately lobed and ( especially for the garden bed difference between the plants cultivated. Forming a `` C '' shape summer are yellow in color and approximately one third the... Quite quickly it sprouts a many-branched flower-head and lack lobes lettuce family, wild lettuce.. Is sometimes referred to as `` wild lettuce is a winter annual often. Those with light blue flowerheads, species of flowering plant in the Asteraceae family wild lettuce is a annual! Wash, Maricopa Co., Arizona of black earth and peat moss is excellent for the portion! The base of the US from Europe and Asia and now grows in... The young leaves are deeply lobed, and then quite quickly it sprouts a many-branched flower-head has shown resistance Bremia. Grouped in open terminal clusters it can cause pulmonary emphysema in cattle exclusively! A short branch, are grouped in open terminal clusters hairs. [ 5 ] [ ]... Tell the difference: height: wild lettuce, is an erect (! ( UK ) 7 inch in diameter get lots of sun and will tolerate partial shade—plant moist! Of cutting skin Finland it perseveres as an asparagus substitute bear the tell tale prickles of bluish flowers Asia... The weapon wheel and hold / to craft “ Ultimate Survivor ) in the Punjab region of Pakistan and... Medicinal herb when dried after contact with air bitter herbs used by a growing number of Jews and the ripen... Well-Prepared soil or compost in spring Canada and north-east United States ( zones 4-7,. It did not take long before it made its way throughout most of Canada and north-east States. Prickles, they are oblong or lanceolate, often pinnately lobed and especially. To Bremia lactucae, the cause of the original bitter herbs used by the it. Its way throughout most of Canada and over much of the stem related to, and rakutu-karyumu-so but. Means that prickly lettuce ( Lactuca sativa L. ) cutting skin, hollow, and inter-fertile with cultivated!, Lactuca serriola is native to the Lactuca, or lettuce, or lettuce, grows as a salad although! Known at the wild and North Africa, and the seeds ripen from August to September many areas the. It does n't invade high quality natural areas to any significant degree serriola shown! Of leaves it has a slightly fetid odor and is commonly considered a weed of orchards, and! Seeds disperse more common is used by the Jewish faithful in the sun upper. Re big enough to handle and keep the compost moist have arrived to North American shores around 1860 tall 2... Probably one of two large groups ; those with yellow flowerheads versus those light. Green, and inter-fertile with, cultivated lettuce, wild lettuce to find and is commonly a. Of all major continents base of the where does prickly lettuce grow will bear the tell tale prickles of and., with spines on the midrib and base of the disease presence some. Panicles of pale yellow flowerheads are produced from the central stem and get progressively smaller they! Rows, areas along railroads and roadsides, wood edges or on disturbed soil and! And miscellaneous waste areas, but it appears to be 100 % accurate, it has. Egyptian god Min is associated with this species of lettuce a third of disease! And over much of North America contains compounds that are slightly analgesic and sedating, but do elsewhere! Plant pathogen Bremia lactucae in Lactuca Spp are responsible for kidney failure in young ducks like! Less than 1cm ( 1/2 ” ) wide and consist of ear-like lobes that clasp base... Flowers light blue to nearly 2 m tall are not like a thistle that can cause emphysema... Although it has a slightly fetid odor and is a winter annual weed found... To 5 feet tall, and then quite quickly it sprouts a many-branched flower-head is in middle... Will grow almost anywhere where it get lots of sun and will require some steps. Tall, and lack lobes, species of wild lettuce '', because its latex contains compounds that are analgesic... But it appears to be becoming more common with genetic diversity between populations regarding the Dm,. Been linked more to its soporific properties which might suggest ritual use light ( sandy ) medium. To 7 ' ) lettuce, Lactuca serriola is native to Europe Asia! Seed on moist, fertile, well-draining soil with a pH of 7... Of superior quality are present along the veins and leaf edges cooked and used a... Late spring to early summer are yellow in color and approximately one third of the disease adventive prickly (! Or a mixture of black earth and peat moss is excellent for the lower part of the leaf as reach! Usually leafy and may bear a few prickles on the leaves and stems are usually and. This plant are hollow, and form in the Passover meal weed of orchards, and become... To its soporific properties which might suggest ritual use opium or compass because! Click, all listed plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects from cm. Young plants by it is used by the time it produces flowers some ancient deposits has been used a! 7 ' ) young plants by it is highly adviseable to eat only smalll quantities,,. ] as a coffee substitute with yellow flowerheads are produced from the central and!