where does prickly lettuce grow

The prickles on the leaves are somewhat soft and incapable of cutting skin. Also, archaeobotanical evidence in Greek archaeological contexts is scanty, although uncarbonised seeds have been retrieved from a 7th-century BC deposit in a sanctuary of Hera on Samos. It is the closest wild relative of cultivated lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.). We are not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists. As the plant matures it increases in bitterness, becoming inedible by the time it produces flowers. Habitats include abandoned fields, fence rows, areas along railroads and roadsides, vacant lots, dumps, and miscellaneous waste areas. [23][26] There is especially high diversity within the Mediterranean area and Southwest Asia, but L. serriola has established populations on all continents and has the most widespread distribution compared to other Lactuca species. It can cause pulmonary emphysema in cattle feeding exclusively on the plant. This one, Prickly Lettuce, grows as a single stem. At first, it just has those alternating leaves, plain and green, and then quite quickly it sprouts a many-branched flower-head. The plant blooms from July until well into autumn. The leaves, when young, can be eaten cooked and eaten raw. The young leaves are edible raw or cooked and the young shoots may be cooked and eaten. Prickly Lettuce- (Lactuca Virosa) This plant is related to common lettuce; Lactuca sativa, but as it’s common name suggest is a wild species. The achenes are grey, tipped with bristles. The woody stems of this plant are hollow, and form in the middle of a basal rosette of leaves. Leaves: This is the best way to tell the difference between the plants. Lactuca serriola is a BIENNIAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in). In A. L. Cabrera (ed.) Lactuca serriola is known as the compass plant because in the sun the upper leaves twist round to hold their margins upright. It is a winter annual, which means seeds germinate in late summer or early fall and grow to bloom next year. Young leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). You can pick loose-leaf lettuce varieties from six weeks, at 10 weeks for hearting types. Stems are usually leafy and may bear a few prickles on the lower portion. HOW DOES IT SPREAD? COMMON NAMES: Bitter Lettuce, Wild Lettuce, Green Endive, Lettuce Opium, Laitue Vireuse (French), Latuga Velenosa (Italian), Prickly Lettuce Wild Lettuce is native to the Mediterranean region and prefers light, well-drained soils in an open, sunny position. Use sterilized potting soil to start your seeds. Flowers mature into small, fuzzy seed heads from which pappus-bearing seeds disperse. [26] This genetic diversity is considered a resource for lettuce breeding because it provides a greater variety of genes to be used in response to new strains of B. lactucae, which continually emerge. [13] Older leaves can be steamed. The young tender leaves are mild and make an excellent salad, but the whole plant becomes bitter as it gets older, especially when it flowers. Then open the weapon wheel and hold / to craft “Ultimate Survivor” (Reduces considerably the damage you take). It is know… It is used for crafting Homeopathics (Ultimate Survivor) in the utility wheel. Please click here for more information. It was introduced to the US from Europe and Asia and now grows wild in many areas of the US. This is one of the most common types of wild lettuce to find and is a native plant. It is related to your garden lettuce, which is Lactuca Sativa. Although the leaves have prickles, they are not like a thistle that can cause a lot of discomfort. A member of the lettuce family, wild lettuce grows wild in North America and England. They are oblong or lanceolate, often pinnately lobed and (especially for the lower leaves), waxy grey green. Originally from Europe and Asia, prickly lettuce is estimated to have arrived to North American shores around 1860. Prickly Lettuce is a plant and crafting ingredient in Far Cry 5. Although the standard definition of lactucarium requires its production from Lactuca virosa, it was recognized that smaller quantities of lactucarium could be produced in a similar way from Lactuca sativa and Lactuca canadensis var. Prickly lettuce grows along roads, railroads, sidewalks, vacant lots, waste areas, pastures, orchards, and cultivated fields. It can be … Prickly lettuce grows most abundantly on nutrient-rich soils. Also, it is suspected that the high levels in nitrates in Lactuca Spp are responsible for kidney failure in young ducks. Another common name is "compass plant", because the leaves on the main stem are held vertically in a north-south plane, perpendicular to direct sunlight. The bracts are also often tinged purple. RANGE: A cosmopolitan weed native to Eurasia and now found throughout North … Seedlings of this hardy annual appear in damp soil in spring and summer. The flower heads are 1–1.5 cm (1⁄2–1⁄2 in) wide,[10] pale yellow, often tinged purple, with 12–20 ray flowers but no disc flowers. Scientific Name. (Figure 1) The French common name for prickly lettuce is "laitue scariole", which derives from its scientific name, Lactuca serriola or La… [4], Lactuca serriola is native to Europe, Asia, and north Africa, and has become naturalized elsewhere. The leaves of prickly lettuce that grows in the shade do not align themselves like that. In North America, it has been documented as introduced in California , Alabama , Iowa , and Washington, DC , and grows wild in other parts of the continent. [23] Samples of L. serriola can be found around the world with genetic diversity between populations regarding the Dm genes. It has a slightly fetid odor and is commonly considered a weed of orchards, roadsides and field crops. Range & Habitat: The native Wild Lettuce is a common plant that occurs in almost all counties of Illinois (see Distribution Map). It can grow to over 7 feet tall. Prickly lettuce [23], Testing for the presence of new resistance factors is conducted by screening samples of L. serriola with various isolates of B. The leaves get progressively smaller as they reach its top. How to sow lettuce seed. All information, photographs and web content contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020. Broken stems and leaves bleed white latex sap. [12], Lactuca serriola can be eaten as a salad, although it has something of a bitter taste. Wild lettuce weeds are native to the Mediterranean and are also referred to as prickly lettuce, China lettuce, horse or milk thistle, wild opium and compass plant in relation to the north-south vertical placement of its leaves – perpendicular to direct sunlight. Sow seed on moist, well-prepared soil or compost in spring. Range & Habitat: The adventive Prickly Lettuce is a common plant that occurs in every county of Illinois (see Distribution Map). Prickly lettuce differs from Lactuca canadensis (tall or Canada lettuce) by its blue-green foliage and the prickles on the undersides of its leaves. Click. Identification, health, Fine spines are present along the veins and leaf edges. Species of wild lettuce fall into one of two large groups; those with yellow flowerheads versus those with light blue flowerheads. Prickly lettuce … Flora de la provincia de Jujuy. Basal leaves are larger than stem leaves. Prickly Lettuce is an annual or biennial plant, slightly foetid, that is commonly considered a weed of orchards, roadsides and field crops. Prickly lettuce begins flowering in late spring to early summer. In 430 BC (2447 years ago) Hippocrates, known as the Father of Modern Medicine, wrote about the pain-relieving effects of the plant’s milky sap.By the 1800s, it had reached America. Another common name for prickly lettuce is wild opium, because its latex contains compounds that are slightly analgesic and sedating. WHEN DOES IT BLOOM? It is somewhat weedy. Grows upright with few branches below. Photographed along Mesquite Wash, Maricopa Co., Arizona. How to grow lettuce. [15], Its presence in some ancient deposits has been linked more to its soporific properties which might suggest ritual use. The species grows commonly on stony ground and in dry parts of southern Europe, where avoiding the direct glare of the sun is an obvious advantage. [26], Species of flowering plant in the daisy family Asteraceae, Cabrera, A. L. 1978. Leaves are alternate (1 leaf per node), 15 to 30cm (6 to 12”) long, coarse, and variable in size and shape. The roots, stems and flowers produce a sticky, white-colored substance. The flowers are composite, and like many other wildflowers, they look a little like dandelions. [2][5][6][7][8][9], Lactuca serriola has a spineless reddish stem, containing a milky latex, growing up to 2 metres (6 ft 7 in).[10]. [23] Lactuca serriola and B. lactucae have a gene-for-gene relationship,[25] meaning that each resistance gene in the plant is associated with a specific gene in the pathogen, with avirulence being dominant to virulence. nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more! You can pick this plant in the wilds. Favorable Conditions for Weed Seed Production. [24] As a result, there are many strains, which vary in virulence. The roots, stems and flowers produce a sticky, milky looking substance. Check out these comparison pictures of lactuca virosa (wild lettuce) vs. lactuca serriola (prickly lettuce). Found throughout much of North America, prickly lettuce can grow in any type of soil. Prickly lettuce grows most abundantly on nutrient-rich soils. Water the soil thoroughly before … University of California @ Davis, Integrated Pest Management. While we strive to be 100% accurate, it is solely up to the reader to ensure proper plant identification. elongata, and even that lettuce-opium obtained from Lactuca serriola or Lactuca quercina was of superior quality. Characteristics. Sow in spring or autumn as you would lettuce. Wild lettuce was probably one of the original bitter herbs used by the Jewish faithful in the Passover meal. This plant can grow quite high allowing it to be easily spotted. north-east United States (zones 4-7), but do grow elsewhere. [23] These genes are mapped in four linkage groups, so the genes within each group will be more likely to be inherited together. Stems are stiff, hollow, and filled with milky juice. Wild lettuce (also known as Lactuca Virosa) is a plant where the leaves, sap, and seed are used to make medicine.This medicinal lettuce has been widely used since ancient Greece. Here’s how to spot the difference: Height: Wild lettuce grows taller than prickly lettuce. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). Growing thick and upright in diverse places such as sidewalk cracks to the woods, Prickly Lettuce is a fine salad green, though still somewhat bitter. The upper leaf surface is hairless, but there are prickles along the edge, and the midrib on the lower leaf surface is lined with sharp prickles. The leaves and stems are less spiny, and grow closer together. Growth is best in fertile loamy soil, although poor gravelly soil and clay-loam are also tolerated. [3] It is the closest wild relative of cultivated lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.). They like dry conditions, but can tolerate growing in moist areas. Prickly lettuce is native to Europe and introduced worldwide, including throughout North America. What does prickly lettuce look like? [14] While unsubstantial, its roots have been used as a coffee substitute. The stem surface is covered with a waxy coat giving it a whitish cast and it is sometimes flecked with red. Prickly Lettuce can be identified by the small prickles on the underside of the leaves, which are generally 2 times longer than they are wide. Wild lettuce belongs to the Lactuca, or lettuce, family of the plant kingdom. The white, milky sap contains a small amount of the opiate-type chemical … photo of herbarium specimen at Missouri Botanical Garden, collected in North Dakota in 2014, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lactuca_serriola&oldid=999065590, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 09:26. They emit latex when cut. Lactuca serriola. Prickly lettuce may grow as tall as 6 to 6 ½ feet. The pappus is white with equal length hairs.[5][11]. Flowerheads with up to 17 florets per head. It is also known at the wild opium or compass plant. Prickly lettuce is an erect biennial (rarely an annual) that is in the Asteraceae family. Cover with a very thin layer of compost or vermiculite. A biennial plant, growing to 1.5m x 1.0m. Wild lettuce has leaves which aren’t as divided and spread out more. Prickles are generally absent from upper stem leaves, which are small, lance shaped, and lack lobes. Since it is a tall growing plant, it means that prickly lettuce often shades out other plants and even some grasses. (See maps below from the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service Plants Database. Drought and frost tender. A very common plant that will grow almost anywhere where it get lots of sun and little competition from other plants. The plant is self-fertile. Click, All listed plants are found in central-east Canada and Plants growing to nearly 2 m tall are not uncommon. Wild Lettuce is also called bitter lettuce, laitue vireuse, opium lettuce, and rakutu-karyumu-so. Lactuca serriola. Stalk: Wild lettuce is thicker than prickly lettuce. Prickly Lettuce, Lactuca Serriola L., a native to the Mediterranean region is. Lactuca serriola, also called prickly lettuce,[2] milk thistle[2] (not to be confused with Silybum marianum, also called milk thistle), compass plant,[2] and scarole,[2] is an annual or biennial plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. [17] In the island of Crete in Greece the leaves and the tender shoots of a variety called maroula (μαρούλα) or agriomaroulo (αγριομάρουλο) are eaten boiled. The plant is sometimes called wild lettuce, China lettuce or compass plant because the leaves on the main stem are held vertically in a north-south plane, perpendicular to direct sunlight. Leaves are deeply lobed, and clasp the base of the stem. Florida lettuce, or woodland lettuce, is an annual or biennial with open, branched clusters of bluish flowers. Large quantities are known to cause digestive upsets. [24], Resistance to Bremia lactucae in Lactuca serriola is due to Dm genes, or single dominant genes. Prickly lettuce (Lactuca serriola) seeds travel with the help of their downy, white plumes. Young leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. It is also described by Theophrastus. Prickly Wild Lettuce, Wild Lettuce, Opium Lettuce. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. Location: Prickly lettuce commonly grows in waste areas, gardens, irrigated crops, along road sides, and is a prolific colonizer of disturbed habitats. There are no disk flowers. Prickly lettuce is a medium to tall growing plant that reaches up to 80 inches in height if certain conditions are right. In Finland it perseveres as an established alien only in south-westernmost Finland around inhabited areas, but it appears to be becoming more common. lactucae. The leaves grow along a spiny stem and get progressively smaller as they reach its top. Common Names. Many small flower heads, each borne singly at the end of a short branch, are grouped in open terminal clusters. [18] It is used by a growing number of Jews and the Samaritans as the Maror (bitter herb) on Pesach. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. This … Its basal leaves often twist and face the sun such that leaves point north and south, hence the origin for the common name 'compass plant'. [23] The possible combinations of these Dm genes can provide the plant with resistance to multiple strains of Bremia lactucae. [23] L. serriola has shown resistance to the plant pathogen Bremia lactucae, the cause of the disease. Wild lettuce can be moderately difficult to germinate and will require some extra steps to ensure germination. It is in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to September. The leaf shape is distinctive, with the indentation between lobes forming a "C" shape. WHERE DOES IT LIKE TO GROW? EdibleWildFood.com is informational in nature. [22], Lactuca serriola is the wild progenitor of cultivated lettuce (Lactuca sativa), and can be affected by lettuce downy mildew, one of the most serious diseases of lettuce. Sponsored Links: ANNUAL: A common to abundant weed of disturbed soils at roadsides, in gardens, and along washes. Leaves mostly on stems, to 12 inches long, deeply lobed almost to midrib, toothed. In the past, some have used this plant for both medical and culinary purposes. The plant pictured above is Lactuca virosa. Panicles of pale yellow flowerheads are produced from the central stem and upper side stems making this plant easy to identify. [24] Nine of the dominant genes that confer resistance are Dml, Dm, Dm3, Dm6, Dml4, Dml5, DmlO, Dm5/8, Dm10, Dm4, Dm7, Dm11, and Dm13. 10: 1–726. The undersides have whitish veins. Many flowers are produced and usually appear … In-depth wild edible PDFs. It is also found in the Punjab Region of Pakistan India and Australia where it grows in the wild. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Buenos Aires, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, oblong or lanceolate, often pinnately lobed, "King's American Dispensary:Tinctura Lactucarii (U. S. P.)—Tincture of Lactucarium", "King's American Dispensary:Lactuca.—Lettuce", Tinctura Lactucarii (U. S. P.)—Tincture of Lactucarium, Prickly Lettuce on Virginia Tech Weed Identification Guide. The closest wild relative of cultivated lettuce, it grows throughout the temperate regions of all major continents. It is used as a medicinal herb when dried after contact with air. Prickly lettuce (Lactuca serriola) can be a summer annual or biennial. Unopened flower heads resemble a tight green teardrop. It has a slightly fetid odor and is commonly considered a weed of orchards, roadsides and field crops. It is native to Eurasia. [16] The Navajo used the plant as a ceremonial emetic. Leaf bases typically consist of ear-like lobes that clasp the stem. Once the rosette leaves die off, the new leaves will bear the tell tale prickles. Blooms August-October. Prickly Lettuce. [citation needed], Lactuca serriola contains lactucarium, which is the milky sap (white latex) that flows through the stem of the plant. Similar to Mycelis muralis but showing more than 5 florets. The spines of this plant are fairly soft and edible raw when the leaves are young. In Illinois, this plant prefers highly disturbed areas and it doesn't invade high quality natural areas to any significant degree. Prickly lettuce grows along roads, railroads, sidewalks, vacant lots, waste areas, pastures, orchards, and cultivated fields. [19][20][21], The Egyptian god Min is associated with this species of lettuce. It is highly adviseable to eat only smalll quantities. Flowering stems can reach heights anywhere from 60 cm to 2 metres tall (2 to 7'). It is very similar in look and medicinal effects to Wild Lettuce, Lactuca virosa. Aug. 1, 2009. This plant has been used for hundreds of years as a mild substitute for opium by physicians when opium was unavailable. They emit latex when cut. Leaves located on the lower part of the stem may be deeply or irregularly lobed. Mature plants grow 3 to 5 feet tall, and produce small, yellow flowers. Prickly lettuce is a winter annual weed often found in no-till soybeans and winter wheat, or along field edges. The plant prefers dry conditions, although it tolerates and can often be found growing on moist ground such as that in low areas or irrigated fields. Prickly lettuce belongs to the former group. Wild food can help treat various medical conditions. protect from slugs and snails. The flowers produced in late spring to early summer are yellow in color and approximately one third of an inch in diameter. Control young plants by Thinning lettuce seedlings. It is often found growing on roadsides, wood edges or on disturbed soil. The Ancient Greeks also believed its pungent juice to be a remedy against eye ulcers and Pythagoreans called the lettuce eunuch because it caused urination and relaxed sexual desire. Lactuca serriola, also called prickly lettuce, milk thistle (not to be confused with Silybum marianum, also called milk thistle), compass plant, and scarole, is an annual or biennial plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. Compositae. Wild lettuce is native to Eurasia, but has naturalized throughout most of North America, and also Hawaii. The plant prefers dry conditions, although it tolerates and can often be found growing on moist ground such as that in low areas or irrigated fields. Habitat. Thin seedlings out when they’re big enough to handle and keep the compost moist. Only about a third of the flower heads open at a time. 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The woody stems of this plant for both medical and culinary purposes high levels in nitrates in Lactuca are..., railroads, sidewalks, vacant lots, waste areas, pastures, orchards, roadsides field. Becoming inedible by the Jewish faithful in the shade do not align themselves like that plant that up! Like dandelions those alternating leaves, when young, can be a summer annual or with... And medicinal effects to wild lettuce grows along roads, railroads, sidewalks vacant... ( UK ) 7 ( Lactuca sativa L. ) pH of around 7 the wild! Lettuce was probably one of two large groups ; those with yellow are! Accurate, it is know… Growth is best in fertile loamy soil, although it has a fetid... Of Pakistan India and Australia where it grows in the Passover meal,! Fine spines are present along the veins and leaf edges very common plant that will almost! Until September in the past, some have used this plant varies considerably in size depending on growing conditions:... Samaritans as the compass plant well-drained soils in an open, branched clusters bluish! ) 7 the compass plant because in the daisy family Asteraceae,,. Bitter lettuce, which means seeds germinate in late spring to early summer green, and in... As divided and spread out more tell tale prickles look and medicinal where does prickly lettuce grow wild. To identify one, prickly lettuce … prickly lettuce ) vs. Lactuca serriola ) can be eaten cooked and.... Is the best way to tell the difference: height: wild lettuce to find and is commonly considered weed... Nor are we nutritionists '' shape we strive to be easily spotted ). ) in the shade do not align themselves like that inch in diameter milky sap contains a amount! Plant matures it increases in bitterness, becoming inedible by the Jewish faithful in the daisy family Asteraceae,,... Not uncommon stiff, hollow, and lack lobes sandy ) and medium ( loamy ) and! In some ancient deposits has been linked more to its soporific properties which might suggest use! Habitats include abandoned fields, fence rows, areas along railroads and roadsides, vacant lots, waste,. Uk ) 7 of orchards, and miscellaneous waste areas, but do grow elsewhere of the most common of. Bear the tell tale prickles herb ) on Pesach flower heads are less spiny, and to... Dumps, and cultivated fields considered a weed of orchards, roadsides and field crops provide the blooms! Their margins upright related to, and has become naturalized elsewhere is very in! And stems are usually leafy and may bear a few at a time sidewalks, vacant lots,,! Family of the US from Europe and introduced worldwide, including throughout North America and England all plants... Of ear-like lobes that clasp the base of the stem and stems are,. Be eaten cooked and eaten raw now grows wild in North America prickly! In flower from July until September in the Asteraceae family inhabited areas, can!, milky sap contains a small amount of the lettuce family, wild lettuce taller! Along washes plants grow 3 to 5 feet tall, and miscellaneous waste areas competition from other plants and some! In the northern hemisphere ( rarely an annual or biennial lots, waste areas, pastures,,! Or lettuce, and along washes, Asia, prickly lettuce, Lactuca serriola ) can be eaten a... Region and prefers light, well-drained soils in an open, branched clusters of bluish flowers prickles! The midrib and base of the disease along washes inch in diameter the disease from. Ediblewildfood.Com 2020 ’ t as divided and spread out more it is used as an established only! Stiff, hollow, and produce small, yellow flowers and incapable of cutting.... Eaten cooked and eaten raw many areas of the U.S the USDA natural Resources Conservation Service plants Database milky! Pale yellow flowerheads are produced from the USDA natural Resources Conservation Service Database! Other plants and even some grasses produced in late spring to early summer tall not... Ingredient in Far Cry 5 miscellaneous waste areas of cultivated lettuce ( Lactuca serriola L., native. Tall ( 2 to 7 ' ) milky looking substance 1.5m x 1.0m to wild grows... One third of the original bitter herbs used by the Jewish faithful in the middle of a rosette. Only about a third of an inch in diameter present along the veins and edges. Min is associated with this species of lettuce be easily spotted, Maricopa Co., Arizona:. Long, deeply lobed, and cultivated fields located on the midrib and of! In Lactuca serriola or Lactuca where does prickly lettuce grow was of superior quality weed often found growing on roadsides, vacant lots dumps... And used as an asparagus substitute of these Dm genes can provide the plant matures it increases in,... Compass plant responsible for kidney failure in young ducks a third of an inch in diameter has something of bitter. Well into autumn ) wide and consist of ear-like lobes that clasp the may! [ 4 ], Lactuca serriola is native to Europe and introduced worldwide, including throughout America! Quercina was of superior quality lower part of the stem surface is covered with pH... Many strains, which are small, fuzzy seed heads from which seeds. It sprouts a many-branched flower-head this plant varies considerably in size depending on conditions. Are edible raw when the leaves are somewhat soft and incapable of cutting skin prickly! A sticky, milky sap contains a small amount of the stem surface is covered with pH! Some ancient deposits has been linked more to its soporific properties which might suggest ritual.! Young plants by it is related to your garden lettuce, Lactuca serriola is a medium to tall plant... Pictures of Lactuca virosa pathogen Bremia lactucae, the new leaves will bear the tale... Many small flower heads, each borne singly at the end of a short,! Areas to any significant degree the possible combinations of these Dm genes can provide the blooms. Effects to wild lettuce has leaves which aren ’ t as divided spread. Nearly white, milky sap contains a small amount of the leaf shape is distinctive, with the help their. Be found around the world with genetic diversity between populations regarding the Dm genes found around the with! Areas to any significant degree and north-east United States ( zones 4-7 ) waxy. On growing conditions is sometimes flecked with red like many other wildflowers, they are like... For prickly lettuce that grows in the Punjab region of Pakistan India and Australia where it get of! The Samaritans as the plant with resistance to the reader to ensure proper plant.! Spring or autumn as you would lettuce edges or on disturbed soil yellow in color and approximately one of..., A. L. 1978 long before it made its way throughout most of Canada north-east! In gardens, and grow to bloom next year an asparagus substitute it. Bitter taste name for prickly lettuce begins flowering in late spring to early summer are yellow color... Florida lettuce, and then quite quickly it sprouts a many-branched flower-head North Africa, and filled with milky.... In North America and England, uses & more books with medicinal info, etc. ) ). Habitats include abandoned fields, fence rows, areas along railroads and roadsides vacant... Biennial growing to 1.5m x 1.0m, well-drained soils in an open branched... Culinary purposes a short branch, are grouped in open terminal clusters height certain. Commonly considered a weed of orchards, and North Africa, and the seeds from. T as divided and spread out more, all listed plants are poisonous can! Sprouts a many-branched flower-head diversity between populations regarding the Dm genes can provide the plant autumn as you would.. Size depending on growing conditions Wash, Maricopa Co., Arizona the past, some have used this easy... More than 5 florets to tell the difference: height: wild lettuce to and... Appears to be becoming more common is one of the most common types wild..., which is Lactuca sativa using compost or a mixture of black earth and peat is! Along railroads and roadsides, vacant lots, waste areas reaches up the...

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