solutions of deforestation in pakistan

Forests play a vivacious role in the economic development of any country by attracting tourists, improving GDP as well as foreign exchange earnings. Deforestation: The human and economic costs, Environmentalist Helga Catrina Ahmad explains how the invasive alien species of plants are causing environmental harm to. National forest policy of 2016 envisioned farm forestry as a solution to the deforestation. Harvesting, forest fires, and insect infestations do not count as deforestation because the affected areas will eventually grow back. In Holland, whenever mating season of frogs approach a particular road is blocked for some time by authorities. The new ideology spells out that forest is our essential life support system.”, told Tariq. This diversity according to Pakistan Forests Institute (PFI) ranges from 2000-3000 meters long consisting of thousand year old juniper trees in Suleiman range to Alpine pastures in the Deosai plains. In December 2012, the country received Targeted Support funds to develop a REDD+ Readiness Roadmap, to complement work being done by the Office of the Inspector General of Forests”, said Ben Vickers, Regional Programme Officer (UN-REDD), “However, official work on the plan in the country began in June 2015”. Although the government of Pakistan and NGOs has taken steps to halt environmental degradation, Pakistan’s environmental issues still remain same. According to the Ministry of Climate Change, even though 10 million trees were planted in Sindh in 2015, the figure was not large enough to prevent heat waves in Karachi. This will conserve our ecological zones”, he added. Deforestation.2. The upsurge in housing societies and development projects in Pakistan has accelerated deforestation in the country. Paper, plastics, and wood are linked to the destruction of forests and other natural resources.By focusing on recycling paper, plastics, and wood products as well as adopting responsibl… Temperature would also rise up to 2-3°C above average temperatures. Deforestation is a serious threat to our world despite it taking the backseat to more talked about issues. Question: There is mushroom growth of housing societies in Islamabad. He counted scarcity of fresh water, marine pollution, industrialization and urbanization in coastal areas as factors depriving coastal areas from mangrove trees. The significant number of ruinous illnesses cure can be found right now in various trees & herbs, but might be in future deforestation may remove everlasting the ability of something to discover which could be benefited for the human race in the coming years. Qureshi lamented the rapid deforestation of mangroves, “Mangroves forests are surviving but will not thrive for a longer period.”. Green methods of production and utilization of resources can immeasurably reduce deforestation. They trap energy in the atmosphere causing the temperature to rise. “We want to inculcate in people that conserving forest is their source of livelihood not cutting them,” told Irfan Tariq, Director General of environment at the ministry of climate change. They basically grow in cold weather but Islamabad weather is not conducive to their growth. According to PTI’s environment advisor, the new hydroelectric plants were installed at the cost of around Rs5 billion.They have capacities ranging from 10 to 500 kilowatts. So every strategy we come up with it has to be in respect to a particular specie. Anybody call for specific solution at … These chemical ridden insecticides etc have the ability to annihilate natural insect predators like lady bird and fireflies. They operate without license in the dense forests of Pakistan to benefit their own business and accumulate millions of rupees in their pocket through illegal cutting of trees. Managing wetlands could solve more than one problem at the same time. Pakistan is not self-sufficient in wood based products and spends billions of rupees on import of wood and wood based products. And which trees were planted? Reducing tropical deforestation can significantly lower global warming emissions and—together with efforts to reduce emissions from fossil fuels—plays an integral role in a comprehensive long-term solution to global warming. Besides, they can easily survive because livestock doesn’t feed on them. “Deforestation is a grave issue. Its lead author Ruth Defries wrote: “The main drivers of deforestation have shifted from small scale landholders to domestic and international markets that are distant from the forests.”. “The situation is critical and we must act now. According to Environment protection agency, over the years, industrialization has caused massive emission of carbon dioxide and other gases into the air. Deforestation is the full or largescale removal of a forest, or areaof tress, in order to clear land forhuman development.Deforestation”is the direct or indirect human-induced conversion of forestedland to non-forested land December 18, 2013. The government and other environmental protection agencies should play an imperative role by giving an attention on the cutting of forests and make serious efforts to overcome the problem. Principally, a rural community mainly depends on the forests to access water, medicine, fuel as well as for food items. Looking ahead, I hope that my country can transform the Green Emergency into a Green Revolution. “Lower middle class cannot afford cylinder which costs around Rs 1400. Question: Did you ever serve in government for forestry? Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Pakistan lost an average of 42,000 ha or 1.66% per year. Pakistan institute of forests (PFI), in 2004 recorded deforestation rate in the country at 27000 hectares per year. Deforestation is caused by various anthropogenic factors, forest fire and fragmentation of large contiguous forests. Remove everything which is exotic. Development without proper environment assessment has also endangered many species. This disturbance will not only distort the food web of animals but also affect the quality of human lives. After their scheming is done, they are planting palm trees for the beautification purposes? But Pakistan has only 4% forest which is rapidly being destroyed leading to rise in CO2.” Dr Baig told, “Therefore we can expect frequent heatwaves in Pakistan due to deforestation and less land vegetation.”, A report compiled by National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) factors deforestation and dwindling green spaces in assisting heat waves. Deforestation 2. He said, “Goral goat which is native of Margalla hills has completely vanished from the Margalla hills.”. Potassium As A Key Fertilizer In Combating Climate Change And Malnutrition. Deforestation In Pakistan. Annual deforestation rate is 1.68% in the country which is the highest deforestation rate in Asia. Dr Pervaiz Amir, senior economist and environment expert, blamed the lack of political will to tackle this problem. Editorial. This route is called its home range where it feels safe and knows its surroundings. Investment in the forest sector is critical to restore and manage Pakistan’s forest ecosystem. A study conducted by the University of Columbia has found that deforestation is largely driven by urbanization. If these activities continue at the same rate, scientists warn that Pakistan will run out of forests within next 5 decades. The REDD+ program is a voluntary, national-level strategy designed to give financial incentives to countries under the United Nations Framework Conventions on Climate Change (UNFCCC), in return for demonstrated, verified reductions in net Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions. Green Solutions for Pakistan. Pakistan’s forest resources are shrinking at a rate of one percent which will have dreadful effects on the people of Pakistan. We are already having a terrible water crises where people don’t even have water to drink. The next phase is National REDD+ strategy and its implementation framework, followed by raising awareness. Even in areas where forested land is suitable for agriculture, replacing forests with monoculture crop or tree farms opens up the economic risk of failure from weather, pests or disease. Domestic energy needs combined with poverty serves as a powerful motivation and factor to cut the forests to satisfy local needs. This paper assesses the present forest wood consumption rate by 6000 brick kilns established in the country and its implications in terms of deforestation and emission of greenhouse gases. During 1958 to 1968, Ayub Khan’s main emphasis was the on green Pakistan that means plantation of quick growing trees, prioritizing Eucalyptus. We human beings should conserve the forest not only for the moral reasons but also for the selfish reasons. According to Dr Ahmad Pheasants on Margalla hills and white headed ducks have most recently become extinct. Coastal communities were involved in planting operations and maintenance of the mangroves’ young plantations. Mangroves- In the process of rehabilitation. Typically, deforestation is clearing a lot of trees without the intention of establishing future growth. I went to the rural Punjab and held training sessions for farmers about the use of Neem seed to be utilized as fertilizer and pesticide. With the PM led government being engulfed in the recent Panama Paper crisis, this initiative has been shoved aside as Inspector General Forests Syed Mahmood Nasir said, “Nothing concrete has been started yet. Deforestation: Consequences & Solutions. It was therefore surprising for me to find that in underdeveloped country children did not knew the nomenclature of trees, nor could they identify local herbs. Fearing its presence humans will decimate it”, said Dr. Ejaz. Fishermen catch these species and earn enough money.”, added Sandeelo. I contacted Malik Riaz to inform him about this wrong decision of planting palm trees but he didn’t listen. Apart from that, pine trees were planted near Jinnah avenue in Islamabad but they’ve dried up. The group has located 19 sites in the country including peat lands which can be developed into forests. “The fear of government control over their lands was wiped out when we educated farmers to grow trees which would produce fruit that they could sell.”, told Nasir. Moreover, we must replace flower pots with hedges, trees and shrubs as the stagnant water in pots becomes a breeding place for mosquitos. Pakistan had 340,000 ha of planted forest. This model speaks of planting trees, conserving the environment and preserving the biodiversity through eco-friendly means. Take a closer look at deforestation here. In Islamabad, pine trees have withered causing CDA to replace them with palm trees. A Future Destroyed For A Bottle Of Honey! “Even though there is enough space for tree growth along the border of the lands, owners were too skeptical to use that area for farm forestry” explained Nasir, “for they suspected government is going to own their land.”. “I know the beauty of these mountains are trees but life here is not as easy as tourists admire. Industrialization followed by urbanization has accelerated this phenomenon. There is a need to keep a check on such activities before it is too late to act. Mangroves rehabilitation works have been done under the projects executed by various organizations including International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). When compared to deforestation efforts, a plantation … Deforestation may decline the GDP through marine life, rivers, and damage to forests which in return causing flooding and land sliding etc. “Uncontrolled urban sprawl due to urbanization is causing horizontal expansion of cities at the cost of agricultural land, orchards and forests,” said Dr. Malik Asghar Naeem head of department of urban planning at National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), “Mushroom growth of unplanned housing schemes in most of the cities are eating away our forests that may lead to the issue of food insecurity in near future.”. National forest policy of 2016 envisioned farm forestry as a solution to the deforestation. Communities need to carefully consider the benefits and costs those who want to clear forest land for the agricultural or another purpose. The programme plans to plant 100 million trees in the country this year. Pakistan's Newspaper on Science, Technology, Engineering, Innovation. Forests reduce the pressure and flow of the water and hence a reduction in losses. Deforestation is a serious problem for every country these days. “You see even Afghan bastis (slums) have started using solar power which is not very costly and one can transfer to this mode of energy easily, in order to save trees from being cut”. - by Sami Khan - 3 Comments. Therefore, in Pakistan, deforestation is a very serious ecological issue. Captcha loading...In order to pass the CAPTCHA please enable JavaScript. Solutions to Deforestation. deforestation 1. Gilgit-Baltistan could apply other alternative energy sources in order to curb deforestation in the sense of local efficiency. Moving forward: solutions to deforestation. The Federal Ministry of Climate Change, in collaboration with WWF Pakistan secured the $3.8 million REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) project developed by UN-REDD despite competition from other countries for this program. Following are some of the main causes of this large scale deforestation in Pakistan. Effect.4. In 1996, I became member of Asif Ali Zardari environmental committee, I was asked to monitor forestation of Pakistan. According to WWF-Pakistan, leopards have been known to be living in Margalla Hills for a long time. “Developmental plans need proper environment consideration. According to an estimate, 39,000 hectares of forests are lost every year. Deforestation is affecting Pakistan and the whole world as biodiversity extinction, indigenous people annihilation, and global climate change. However, no official body in Pakistan is working on its implementation. The Forest department in the ministry of climate change suggests that provincial governments should pick up the matter. Disputes, pollution, deforestation — what it’s like to live near CPEC project in Pakistan China insists that BRI projects, of which CPEC is the centerpiece, are strictly vetted for environmental impacts and meant to benefit the locals. When the tree plantation season started, we had grey bearded foresters to guide us in understanding the flora and fauna of the forest, and for months, we used to spend our time there. “Well-established forest of longer time is more efficient (in WUE) as compared to more recent plantations. Particularly, it’s the focus on re-using items, reducing the use of artificial items, and recycling more items. In hot summer days, people especially labors seek refuge in the shade of trees to avoid scorching sun. In 1993, the consumption of wood was 29.5 million cubic meters whereas in the year 2018 it is projected to go up by 52.6 million cubic meters. Process of decreasing greenery. Here are a few solutions that can help save our planet from the harmful effects of deforestation. “The absence of mangroves have lowered the guards against the global warming and climate change which are adversely impacting Pakistan.” told Dr Baig. According to Saleem, timber mafia has already devoured vast tracts of forests in Pakistan and constitutes biggest threat to the existing forest resources. They are an asset for the ecosystem as they serve in water filtration, storm protection, flood control and recreation as stated in WWF website. “Since the opening of Karakorum Highway in mid-eighties, timber mafia non-stop turned the slopes barren. The micro hydro-power station introduced in Swat district which is a scenic destination for tourists, has reduced the pressure from dwindling forest covers and provided an alternative energy source to the locals. Question: When was the first time you realized there is a need to come forward and work for the nature and environment of Pakistan? She told that a recent study by T. Keenan, published in nature-a science journal, says forests are becoming more water efficient as carbon dioxide concentration is rising. Housing societies like Bahria town and DHA are planting palm tree just to beautify the environment. Scholarships, Global UGRAD – Global Undergraduate Exchange Program USA, Pakistan Council for Science and Technology, Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources. Deforestation rate in Pakistan, estimated at 0.2 per cent to 0.5 percent annually, is the highest in the world, which accounts for a 4-6 percent decline in its wood biomass per annum. Forestation on these kinds of wetlands reduce greenhouse gas emissions, keep carbon stored in the soil where it is, maintain water storage and perform purifying functions and conserve biodiversity in the area. Vegetation models predict that trees water use efficiency (WUE) doubles as the amount of carbon dioxide doubles. Pakistan has only 2.5 percent of forest cover with an alarming rate of deforestation. In most cases, deforestation focuses only on short-term gains and ignore the long-term consequences and problems. Doctor Ejaz Ahmad, senior director programs at WWF, explained that pesticide dealers have a corporate mentality which encourages farmers to cut trees and grow crops as a way of sustainable livelihood. The secretariat of the convention on biological diversity states that forests play a pivotal role in the hydrological cycle which influences how water is routed and stored in a watershed. It includes acquiring technical devices and establishing a feedback mechanism for local communities. For example, 75% includes only areas with more than 75% tree cover, whereas 10% includes all areas with more than 10% tree cover. The landscape of Pakistan has always championed the diversity in flora and fauna. Whenever I find a ladybird I feel it’s a luxury for me. “All Provincial and Territorial governments shall provide incentives for promoting farm forestry by promoting private investments.” Farm forestry has served as a very important way of afforestation in Pakistan. The intervention of motorway in the home range has shortened the wild cat’s habitat. This tree laden plateau with rich biodiversity and temperate temperature attracted General Ayub Khan to this place. Now the question is how to control over deforestation in Pakistan. Pollen allergy is on the prowl due to male paper mulberry plants in Islamabad. Thereafter, farmers later called me and said I was not needed there anymore. Other than hydro-power stations, solar energy would also serve the alternate purpose of providing fuel. Over the years, the genocidal trend of slaughtering trees has triggered disastrous climatic changes in the country. It is the conversion of forested land to non-forested land by humans. Thus, affecting not only the ecology but also the local economy. The area under forests in Pakistan is only 4.5% and many agricultural scientists stated that it should be almost 25-30% of total … It means we have drastically changed our environment so much so that another specie can’t live in it.” , lamented Dr Rahman. But in practice, it has fallen short. InamUllah Khan who is REDD+ Programme Coordinator of Pakistan told, “For the strategies we make it important to remember that every species of plants has a different capacity for carbon storage. Certain soils are not appropriate for agriculture, such as the nutrient-deficient soils of rainforests as well as acidic soils. Cutting number of plants have a lot of unfavorable consequences which can bring more droughts in Pakistan and after that, there would be no plants to protect the ozone layers. Take Action for a Deforestation-Free Future. The main reasons of deforestation are urbanization, farming, overgrazing, and tourism development. Deforestation is one of the environmental problems that Pakistan and all over the world is confronting, and this is getting worse as the population and economy of the country are expanding. Experts have often related the fall and decline of past civilisations to environmental degradation resulting from deforestation. Public and private investment are key to efforts to revert the deforestation trend and forest degradation before it becomes irreparable. After becoming the member of committee I again visited Swat in 1996. Dengue and malaria has infected the population. This phenomenon is called greenhouse effect. All nurseries should be banned unless they are producing beneficial, indigenous plants that helps creating a healthy environment in Pakistan. Pakistan is facing problem of deforestation. Reduce your consumption of single-use products. The underlying causes of deforestation, identified are as follows: 1. As a nation, we have to face a lot of problems and damages due to floods. • Pakistan is the country with highest rate of deforestation in Asia. Support the creation of plantation forests. Major reason for it is unchecked use of timber resources due to the population pressures.” Salam said, “Rapid urbanization has stripped urban areas of their green cover to clear land for settling the new arrivals.”. We can try to replicate such kind of model here in Pakistan with desired amendments. Just avoid exotic plants that don’t belong here because firstly it’ll help counter pollen allergy and water crisis. According to the Ministry of Climate change (MoCC), ‘+’ stands for additional activities as a result of the plan such as enhancing carbon storage and biodiversity conservation. I had visited Swat back in 1964 it was just like heaven for me. There is a wide gap in the production and consumption of wood. Sensing the dire need to conserve the forest cover and playing politics to score high on his national achievement card, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif announced the “Green Pakistan Programme”. Deforestation increases the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere as plants filter the carbon dioxide gases out from the air and release oxygen. They explained that the project is funded by forest carbon partnership facility with the World Bank as trustee to the fund. Share: Share. They are built at the cost of cutting trees and vegetation. Pakistan lost 14.7% of its forest habitat between 1990 and 2005 interval. Apart from the degradation of human lives, deforestation is affecting animals and insects, which are displaced from their natural habitats to find alternative ones. In his view, the unprecedented progress in technology has opened the vistas to have strict check and balance of cutting trees but nothing is done to curb the problem. At that time I decided to step in to preach about Mother Nature and trees. March 18, 2018. Moreover, this model is based on the “Great green wall programme” of China in which Chinese government aimed to combat desertification by planting 100 billion trees along the northern part of China’s Gobi desert. Wetland consist of land areas that are filled with water either fresh, salt or somewhere in between. The official Ramsar convention website states that peat lands are kind of wetland areas with a naturally accumulated layer of dead organic material such as moss which help with natural forest growth. Question: What are the consequences of planting non-indigenous trees? They are marketing their product by selling the dangerous pesticides that promises short term benefits but causes long term problems to the environment. These marine nurseries help local communities generate revenue apart from fishing. Usually, the poor forest soil which assists to produce a layer of rich material, may be that type of land is productive only for a few years but finally, it will be lost and require fertilization and nutrients. “All Provincial and Territorial governments shall provide incentives for promoting farm forestry by promoting private investments.”. While in Arabia, they are rapidly shifting to Neem trees (Azadirachta indica) which are mosquito repellant, extremely beneficial for curing rashes and carries medicinal properties. Ban on cutting of trees and new trees and planting more. Deforestation.. “This model is providing conservation driven economic respite in a province otherwise stricken by terrorism and conflict.” Malik said. Question: Any message you’d like to give? Question: What was the reason for planting these non-indigenous plants? We also use native wood to build roof of our buildings, which would otherwise be very costly if we buy it from market.”d. It looked like a ghetto. 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